Veterinary is the medical specialty that deals with disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment in all types of animals, from family pets to farm livestock and zoo animals. It is always thought that Veterinary only deals with animals, yet this field also contributes to human health. Veterinary health care workers support human public health by working to handle the zoonotic disease, which are diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans, such as Lyme disease and West Nile virus. Accordingly, there are several Veterinary medicine workers who are listed below;
Veterinarians: Veterinarians are medical professionals that safeguard both animal and human health. They can work in zoos, wildlife parks, or aquariums, specialize in public health and regulatory medicine, go into academia or research, or pursue other career choices.
Veterinary technicians: These employees support veterinarians with treatment, nursing, radiography, anesthesia, surgery, lab work, and client education.
Veterinary assistants: They help the veterinary technician and/or veterinarian in their day-to-day work. The assistant can be required to help with kennel chores, restrain and handle animals, feed and exercise the animals, or perform office tasks.
Animal behaviorists: despite not typically being found at a veterinarian's office, they are nevertheless a part of the veterinary field. They research animal behavior to learn what drives particular behaviors and what conditions can change behavior.
Study Veterinary in Italy
Italy is home to a glorious history of countless civilizations and important people who left a mark on the country. Therefore, it is a country of knowledge where people have a lot to learn from. It includes the oldest universities, which are remarkable with their heritage and rankings. These Italian universities are working harder to internationalize and provide degree programs exclusively for students from other countries. There are currently more than 500 study programs offered in the nation that are taught in English. In addition, Italy is Europe's most affordable study destination. Larger universities typically assist in obtaining housing; with any luck, you might be able to get a room in an inexpensive student residence. Moreover, Italians are known as welcoming people, so you won't feel like a stranger. As for your major, veterinary programs available in several universities that you can choose from. Most programs aim to provide the scientific background and theoretical and practical preparation required to exercise the veterinary surgery profession and the methodological and cultural bases needed for lifelong learning for the veterinary candidates. They also provide practical training for students in laboratories, hospitals, etc.
Advantages of Studying Veterinary in Italy
When you graduate from Italian Veterinary school, you will possess the essential theoretical and practical knowledge, so you will graduate ready for working life. Career opportunities are open, and an option to stay in Italy for a career, as well. The instructors are very qualified and helpful to the students. Some university programs are in English, which would be easier to comprehend the course.
Career Paths for Veterinary Degree Majors
Future veterinary professionals will continue to be in demand, according to surveys and estimates. There is currently a demand for food animal veterinarians and veterinary specialists to address society's concerns about animal welfare and biomedical/environmental research. Future career options will reflect society's engagement in problems such as energy, food quality, human health, and quality of life. All of these topics are intricately entwined with veterinary medicine. Thus, this need create an opportunity for candidates who want to participate in this marathon. Candidates of veterinary may work in academic, government, private, and research institutions in both clinical and non-clinical settings. It is their decision to determine their future career, but there are lots of options listed below;
Private Practice: Approximately 80% of veterinarians prefer to treat companion animals in private practice. Private practitioners can run a small solo practice or function as a group in a bigger clinic or medical facility. Numerous services are provided by private practitioners, such as health exams, vaccinations, animal healthcare, surgery, and emergency care.
Private veterinarians may specialize in treating small animals (such as dogs, cats, and/or exotic pets), large animals (such as horses and/or ruminants), or a combination of both small and large animals. Numerous professionals specialize in particular areas of medicine, such as equine, avian, or feline vets. In order to specialize in fields like cardiology, dermatology, internal medicine, oncology (cancer), ophthalmology, and surgery, many veterinarians complete further training.
Research: Universities, private research facilities, government organizations, and pharmaceutical companies frequently require competent research veterinarians. These vets examine both theoretical and practical issues with farm animals, pets, lab animals, captive animals, wildlife, and diverse aquatic species. For instance; Animals employed in research are cared for in laboratories by veterinarians who also monitor their breeding, feeding, and general health. In order to find new and better ways of curing and preventing diseases in both humans and animals, veterinarians create and test vaccinations, serums, and other biological agents.
Education: In colleges and universities, there are thousands of veterinarians who teach. Anywhere there is a medical school, agricultural school, or veterinary school, there is a good chance that a veterinarian will be working to disseminate information on animal health and illness. In educational institutions, veterinarians carry out research, write scientific articles, and provide continuing education programs.
Diagnostic Laboratories: Establishing a firm diagnosis is essential to the treatment of animal diseases. Diagnostic-focused veterinarians include those with advanced degrees in pathology and microbiology. These professionals devote their careers to developing and applying state-of-the-art equipment and methods to analyze samples like tissue or blood in order to provide the veterinary and animal health communities with precise, creative, and rapid diagnostic and consultation services.
Consultation: Experienced veterinarians are employed as consultants by a variety of companies and institutions on a full- or part-time basis. Further abilities earned through years of experience, advanced training, and education are necessary for success as a consultant.
Public Health and Regulatory Medicine: Numerous counties and cities have veterinarians who provide guidance and aid in the treatment of animal diseases. Public health veterinarians that practice regulatory medicine check meat, poultry, and dairy products, conduct livestock disease testing and supervise the interstate movement of animals. They look into food-borne illness outbreaks, assess food and water safety, and research the results of biological and environmental contamination.
What Skills Do I Need to Become Veterinarian
Some of the skills that a veterinarian needs are outcomes of experiences gained from a job or veterinary school, but some are inborn skills that you need to consider. Accordingly, there are five prominent skills a veterinarian should have;
Knowledge: To become a skilled and committed veterinarian, you must have a thorough understanding of animals, their varied illnesses, and the appropriate medical techniques to treat them.
Communication: Good vets communicate with the animals and hear them respond.
Empathy: The most important trait you need to have to succeed as a veterinary doctor is an empathy and a true passion for animals.
Gentle Hands: Both the patient and the patient's owner should be comfortable when you are handling animals, so you need to have gentle hands.
Organization: In many busy veterinary practices, disorganization can harm your business, your productivity, and the animals you care for. Therefore, you need to be organized.
In other words, being a veterinarian is a difficult but highly exciting job.
Is Veterinary Right for Me?
If you sincerely believe that you have the skills that a veterinarian has, and you care for animals, spend time with them, and investigate their biology, you should not have any hesitations. However, if you still hesitate about whether veterinary is a compatible job for you, you should fill out forms, or you must consider being informed by Collab International education advisors. Our advisors will be very helpful in clearing your mind and making a proper decision.
How Long Does it Take to Become a Veterinarian?
Bachelor's degree in Veterinary takes five years to six years in Italy. A Master's degree is nearly two years.
The Best Universities to Study Veterinary
- University of Milan: the University of Milan was founded in 1924 and is one of the largest universities in Italy. It has 65.234 enrollments, including international students.
- University of Bari: It is a public university founded in 1924. It is home to 42.500 students, including international students. Its instruction language is both English and Italian.
- University of Bologna: This institution is the first university in the world. It was founded in 1088. It has approximately 80.000 enrollments. The instruction language is Italian.
- Federico II University of Naples: The university was founded in 1224 and is located in Campania, Naples. It has 78.324 students, including international students.
- University of Pisa: It is founded in 1343 in Tuscany, Pisa. It is home to 49.108 students. Its instruction language is Italian and English.
Veterinary Admission Requirements
For entrance into an accredited university in Italy, there are general qualifications that include:
- Possess a foreign high school diploma or bachelor's degree (for graduate students) demonstrating that you meet the requirements for enrollment in Italian higher education with a minimum GPA of 59% over the previous two years.
- Language skills in either Italian or English. The two most often used English tests are the TOEFL and IELTS.
- Various test results in particular subjects are needed for certain programs. Some universities also have entrance exams.