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Nutrition and Health profession investigates the effects of food and nutrition on health and its benefits from social sciences like biology and chemistry to understand. It encourages awareness and self-efficacy about the individual’s food consumption and exercise habits. These health professionals can be called nutritionists or dieticians, which of their aim is to enable individuals to track and observe the daily food consumption patterns they have and make adjustments for the better according to individual needs such as age, gender, and special circumstances such as being a professional athlete, pregnant, etc. The target is to develop permanent behavioral changes rather than informing the individuals with general knowledge and facts about food and nutrition. Nutrition and health also study the economic, psychological, and cultural effects of the food we consume. Therefore, it has a social side to it, which requires working closely with communities such as hospitals, schools, or individuals to plan meal consumption by raising awareness and teaching them how the food they eat affects their bodies.
There is frequently misunderstanding regarding the distinctions between a dietitian and a nutritionist because both professions employ diet to enhance health; nevertheless, the main distinction is in their areas of specialization. A Bachelor of Science in Human Nutrition and Dietetics or a comparable certification in the scientific sector with a postgraduate degree in dietetics is required of a dietitian. CORU (responsible for regulating health and social care professionals) oversees qualified dietitians in Ireland. Dietitians mostly work in clinical settings including hospitals, clinics, and private care facilities where they assess, identify, and treat dietary problems in both individuals and communities. They are qualified to offer evidence-based advice to both healthy and unhealthy individuals. In order to maintain health and avoid disease, nutritionists generally deal with healthy populations. Professional accreditation is not legally required for this occupation. who meet the necessary requirements can sign up with the Association for Nutrition (AfN) to become a member of the United Kingdom's Voluntary Register of Nutritionists (UKVRN). This registration is recommended and regarded as a sign of proficiency in the field. When registering with the AfN, individuals have the option to become either an Associate Nutritionist (ANutr) or a Registered Nutritionist (RNutr). An ANutr is a person who has recently earned a nutrition degree and is beginning their profession as a nutritionist. As a nutritionist with a minimum of three years' experience, an RNutr is committed to upholding high standards in their work and pursuing ongoing professional development.
Ireland has a reputation for academic brilliance, a beautiful landscape, hospitable citizens, and a rich history. It is a preferred location for many students due to the numerous options offered to international students. One of the main advantages of studying in Ireland is that the country has a well-regarded educational system that places a strong emphasis on fostering business abilities. In addition, compared to other nations, the expense of education is far lower. This is so because most universities receive financial help from the government. Also good salaries come with being a nutritionist or a dietitian. The average salary for a nutritionist is €24,777 per year and the average salary for a dietitian is €50,472 per year in Ireland.
Professionals in the field of nutrition work in a wide range of occupations across numerous industries. Healthcare, nutrition education, and care at clinics, hospitals, assisted living, and nursing homes. Wellness programs, corporate and worksite wellness, and health coaching. Food science is about researching and developing a new product. Quality assurance such as inspection of groceries and restaurants, food safety testing, safe food planning, and monitoring. Food service management: planning menus and overseeing operations at school districts, hospitals, and long-term care facilities. Government and community health, nutrition education as a part of public health, shaping of public health policy. Education and research, teaching and researching nutrition science.
Nutritionists depend on a variety of skills to be successful in their career since it has both a social and scientific-sided major. Nutritionists should have organizational skills for time management and be aware of the individuals’ confidentiality. Also, clear verbal and non-verbal communication skills to be able to easily explain themselves to their clients. In addition to that instructional skills for being able to educate their clients about diet plans and their importance. Interpersonal skills such as compassion, patience, and empathy since they need to see from their client's perspective so that they can adjust their diets and exercise habits according to that. And also, mathematical skills to calculate calories and macros which require scientific knowledge to interpret those calculations.
Biology and social sciences should interest students who major in nutrition. They should be interested in finding out how eating affects one's well-being, especially in the prevention of illnesses like diabetes. Students majoring in nutrition should aim to teach others about this information, whether they do so by working with specific people or the larger community.
Duration is mostly three to four years depending on the individual’s performance.
The best universities for studying nutrition and health are University College Cork, University College Dublin, and National University of Ireland.
Although the requirements differ for each university, there are some general requirements every student should fulfill. For high school (12th grade) students must have a Higher Secondary Certificate from Standard XII with 80% in both chemistry and biology in order to enroll in nutrition and health courses. The Pearson Language Test (PTE) marks should be 69/90 with a minimum of 62 in all skills. IELTS score is required to be 7 out of 9, with a minimum of 6.5 in each of the four skills. And for a postgraduate degree, a chemical and biology-infused bachelor's degree with a 2:2 (Hons) grade point average is required.