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The Faculty of Law deals with the laws enacted in order to maintain healthy relations between people and societies and to resolve the problems and disputes that arise during these relations. The main objective of the department is to raise individuals who will regulate, supervise, develop and modernize these laws.
Since being a lawyer is seen among the respected professions in the society, the number of students who want to choose law school is quite high. The law department courses taught in the law department are basically; Introduction to law, basic law, Roman law, administrative law, criminal law, constitutional law, civil law, law of obligations. In addition, courses in the fields of social sciences such as philosophy, psychology, logic, political science, political history, economics, history of civilization are also taught. Law students focus on public law or private law courses depending on the field they will focus on, and take elective courses accordingly.
The law faculties where the law department is taught is one of the faculties with the most job opportunities after graduation. This is a process that can take shape according to the areas you want to improve yourself and the profession you want to do. We can say that professions such as attorneyship, judgeship, judicial and administrative judgeship, prosecutor's office, legal counsel, and notary public are the first legal professions that come to mind in this field. Apart from these, individuals who have graduated from economic and administrative sciences, political sciences, economics and similar university faculties are also entitled to take many exams and professions, for example district governorship, specializations in different public institutions, inspectorships, and law job opportunities include government or private companies. It is also possible to act as a corporate lawyer. In addition to these, they can also provide consultancy to companies or individuals by improving themselves in different areas of expertise that have gained popularity in recent years. In addition, doing academic studies and being an academic staff, which is an area that every undergraduate graduate can focus on, may also be one of the choices.
Law graduates receive the title of lawyer as soon as they finish their internship, even if they do not immediately graduate. In addition, depending on their profession, they may have titles such as judge, prosecutor, notary public, expert, inspector, consultant.
It would not be wrong to say that the three most important qualities that individuals who want to study at law school or who will work in this field should have in order to be successful are to have a good memory, ability to analyze and the will to work hard. Being able to think analytically, having a problem-solving approach, being calm, challenging and patient, inquisitive and careful are the general characteristics that can be sought in individuals who want to be successful in this field.
The law department is one of the advantageous departments because it has a wide range of professions. It means a chance to have both a good knowledge and a broad horizon as required by the courses taught for the students who study lawfully.
Of course, the disadvantages and difficulties of a department with such high advantages and the professions that are owned afterwards also take up a lot of space. Students who graduate from this department, where competition and updating are very high, should be individuals who are resistant to free market conditions and constantly improve themselves.
Since the Faculty of Law is a verbal-oriented department, it is an advantageous department for people with strong reading, interpretation and memorization skills. Of course, the ability to memorize is not at the forefront of reading, interpretation and analysis skills, contrary to what is known. Apart from this, he must have an idealistic and sensitive personality for justice. Since legal systems are constantly changing and developing, students should be in a structure that follows current developments. A student who wants to study in this department, where patience, work and a sense of justice are at the forefront, can understand whether law school is suitable for him by asking these questions. Love to work, read and write is one of the important characteristics. In addition, it is necessary to adapt to the love of justice and competitive business life. In other words, although it is a very popular and preferred department, there are many features that people who want to study law must meet. For those who meet these qualifications, law will promise a great career.
Bordering Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia and France, the European parliamentary republic Italy is an effective power in European geography with the fourth largest economy of the European Union. The story of the country, which is a founding member of NATO, World Trade Organization G Summit, with the field of law and goes back almost to the beginning of the history of civilization, puts Italy in the first place among the best countries to study law.
Legal education in Italy, which will literally open the horizon for students who want to study law, is given as an integrated (unico ciclo - single cycle). You get 3 years of undergraduate law education + 2 years of law graduate education. Legal education in Italy is mostly taught in Italian. Students who will apply to Italian departments are required to have an Italian language proficiency certificate.
It is possible to study international law in Italy in English. Admissions to the English international department are based on high school transcripts. In addition, students are required to have an English language certificate.
The Italian legal system is based on Roman law. The legal and penal system of the Kingdom of Sardinia spread throughout the country when Italy was united in the mid-19th century. The revised 1990 penal code replaced the old 'investigation' system with a penal system similar to that of common law countries.
Under the Italian constitution, the judiciary is independent of the legislature and the executive, and therefore judicial functions can only be exercised by magistrates and judges cannot be dismissed. The Italian judicial system consists of a series of courts and a judge, who is a civil servant. The judicial system is unified, each court is part of the national network. The highest court is the Supreme Court, which appeals jurisdiction and makes decisions only in areas of law. Although the 1948 constitution forbids special courts, except for administrative courts and military courts, an extensive network of tax courts has survived from an earlier era.
Since Italy is an EU country, the legal training requirements to become a lawyer are the same as in other EU countries. In order to practice law in Italy, undergraduate and graduate education must be completed. Legal education is given as integrated (ciclo unico). Students studying international law must also complete a master's degree in order to become a lawyer. It is obligatory to do an internship in law firms or other legal institutions for a consecutive year. In addition, the exam organized by the bar association must be completed successfully. However, students who have completed all these difficulties have the opportunity to pursue a career in many parts of the world with the wonderful education they receive.
Studying law in Italy is 5 years, 3 years for undergraduate and 2 years for master. So ciclo unico-integrated program; 3 years undergraduate + 2 years master together. It is a part of the program type and the language of instruction is Italian. It is possible to study International Law in English and the undergraduate education period is 3 years. Administrative, criminal and civil courts make up the Italian legal system. While lawyers, prosecutors, judges and jury are responsible in criminal cases, only prosecutors and lawyers are involved in administrative and civil courts.
After graduating from the faculty of law in Italy, people who are successful in the exam held by the Italian state can practice law in Italy. Those who study law in a non-EU country must pass the bar exams when they want to practice law in Italy. In addition, those who are planning an academic career in the field of law or can continue their doctoral programs in this department.
In Italy, education in law faculties is given as an integrated undergraduate and graduate education (ciclo unico). Many Italian universities have the option of studying law. However, English programs are naturally more limited. Milan University Faculty of Law and Turin University Faculty of Law are among the law faculties preferred by international students.
University of Turin
The University of Turin (Unito) is a higher education institution located in Turin, Italy. It is one of the largest universities in Italy and is home to 70,000 students. The University offers English-taught programs in areas such as Business Administration, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Economics, Accounting, Materials Science, Quantitative Finance and Insurance, and Stochastics and Data Science.
University of Milan
The University of Milan is a state-funded higher education institution located in Italy. It has 8 faculties and 2 schools and has various teaching programs taught in English. Some of the subject areas taught are: Political Sciences, Economics, Finance, Environment and Food Economics, Industrial Chemistry, Molecular Biology, Computer Science, International Relations, Law, Chemistry, Bioinformatics and Sustainable Development.
There are many university options in Italy where you can study law. English education at undergraduate level is on international law and lasts for 3 years. Master's programs are available in different fields and are 2-year programs with a thesis. For undergraduate programs, there are B2 level English language certificates (such as TOEFL, IELTS) and various interviews that measure the level of the student as entry requirements. The basic requirements for graduate education are a bachelor's degree in law or a related field and a B2 level English language certificate.