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A student who is entitled to study at the medical faculty; After 6 years of medical education in European countries, he receives the title of physician. In the first year of medical school, there are courses such as simple anatomy, biochemistry and biostatistics. In the 2nd year, physiology, a more detailed version of the anatomy course, embryology courses are given. In the 3rd year; pathology, microbiology and pharmacology courses form the curriculum. Generally, in the first 3 years of medical faculties, the emphasis is on basic science courses and at this stage, students do not have practical lessons with patients. From the 4th year of medical school; contact with the patient begins for students. Major internships such as pediatrics, internal medicine, general surgery and obstetrics are taken by students in the 4th year. In the 5th year of medical school, there are many small internships. These include internships in ophthalmology, otolaryngology, orthopedics, urology, neurosurgery, thoracic surgery, cardiovascular surgery and neurology. Students starting the 6th year of medical school; It is called an intern doctor. There are no exams for students in the 6th grade. Students; They work as intern doctors in large and small internship clinics in their 4th and 5th grades. In the 6th year of medical school, it is aimed that doctor candidates will be ready for the profession by increasing their contact with patients. This number can go up to 7 years in the UK.
Medical education, which can be taken right after high school throughout Europe, requires the completion of an undergraduate program in Canada and America. In both cases, it is very difficult to enter and graduate from medical school, which takes many years and includes a difficult educational life.
It is a very complex and multidisciplinary school with a focus on human anatomy and biology in general. Students who want to study in medical school can start a job with high professional satisfaction as part of this multidisciplinary and universal department.
Dünyanın her yerinde sistem farklılık gösterse de tıp evrensel bir bilimdir ve alt dalları her ülkede aynıdır. Giriş koşulları ve işleyişi değişiklik gösterse de tıpta kariyer yapılacak alanlar bellidir. Tıp uzmanlık dalları ise önce bazı ana kollara ve içinde yan dallara ayrılarak büyük bir yapıyı oluşturur. İnsan sağlığı için her alanda ve daha spesifik konularda uzmanlaşmak mümkündür. Tıpta uzmanlık alanları ise aşağıdaki gibidir:
Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases
Occupational and Occupational Diseases
Allergic Chest Diseases
Child Health and Diseases
Pediatric Metabolic Diseases
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Pediatric Chest Diseases
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery
Brain and Nerve Surgery
Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Orthopedics and Traumatology
Ear, Nose, Throat Diseases
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility
Anesthesiology and Reanimation
Clinical Molecular Genetics
Military Field Medicine
Underwater Medicine and Hyperbaric Medicine
Embryology and Histology
While the responsibilities of the medical doctor vary greatly depending on the field of specialization, the general professional obligations are as follows;
Examining patients in hospitals and clinics,
To request analysis to obtain information about the medical conditions of the patients,
Investigating, diagnosing and treating patients' health conditions,
Prescribing patient medications and determining the duration of treatment,
Explaining to patients the advantages, disadvantages, risks and alternatives of a proposed treatment or surgery,
After the treatment, to provide the medical follow-up required by the patient's health condition or to make sure that another professional follows up,
Performing CPR or other emergency measures if needed
Informing patients about hygiene, diet and disease prevention,
Not to violate the patient-doctor confidentiality, except as permitted by law,
Liaising with other medical and non-medical personnel in the hospital to ensure quality treatment
It is expected that the physicians, who must follow the constantly developing and changing scientific studies while doing all these procedures, will also have some characteristics. These can be listed as:
Having an inquiring mind
To display a rational approach,
Being emotionally resilient
Demonstrate the ability to manage stress,
Have high concentration
To have a patient and empathetic attitude towards different patient profiles,
Having a good communication ability to listen to patient stories and explain the necessary treatment,
To show physical and mental competence to adapt to the intense work tempo,
To provide team management.
People who want to study in this field, where even a small mistake is not accepted, need to be careful, self-sacrificing, patient, responsible, hardworking, open to innovations, love to learn and read, enjoy working, suitable for teamwork, and have strong communication skills and relationships with people. The department of medicine is a department that can be preferred by candidates who are interested in courses such as biophysics, medical history, medical skills and first aid, medical education, and have analytical thinking skills. For this reason, students who think that medical school is suitable for them should ask themselves the following questions. The answers to these questions will enlighten them as to whether this faculty is right for them.
Medical School education is only 6-7 years, but the profession of medicine will last a lifetime. And the concept of overtime is quite flexible. Am I ready to be a doctor anytime, anywhere?
There is no such thing as just studying while in medical school. Being a doctor is a department where you study for a lifetime. Is studying all my life for me?
Being a doctor is not just a profession related to the head. It takes great physical effort. Am I strong?
How long can I be away from my family and loved ones?
Am I ready to sleep somewhere other than my home?
Am I ready to never sleep through the night?
Can I stand that what many people loathe is part of my profession?
Am I ready to face death and life often?